Many colonies of different shapes and sizes seem to express some surface markers of self renewal, how do I identify the best colonies to select and expand?


The use of a negative marker in conjunction with a positive marker is the most effective method of identifying fully reprogrammed colonies prior to expansion and selection. Somatic tissues like CD34+ blood cells, PBMCs, and human Fibroblasts express the surface marker CD44 at high levels. Expression of this marker has been demonstrated to be significantly down-regulated in fully reprogrammed cells. The combination of CD44 antibody staining with either SSEA4, Tra-1-60 or Tra-1-81 will more clearly distinguish fully reprogrammed colonies from partially reprogrammed colonies by the absence of CD44 and presence of self-renewal marker expression.

For a complete list of PSC markers, please visit